Jaqueline Berndt east. Magali Bessone ctp. Lincoln Bizzozero Revelez americas. Lucie Bony lieu. Philippe Buc cierl. Baudouin Dupret chadj. Leyla Dakhli omam. Marie-Laure Geoffray americas. Alain Giami striges. Pierre Kaser east. Katiana Le Mentec east. Alexander Nemerov americas. Pierre Pahlavi omam. Gwenola Ricordeau east. Marta Roca i Escoda striges. Todd Shepard omam striges. Annique Smeding striges. Javier Vargas de Luna americas.
Cyril Vettorato americas. Carsten Wilke cierl. Yinde Zhang east. Isabelle Backouche lieu. Scarlett Beauvalet cierl. Line Chamberland striges. Antoine Chollet ctp. Jeroen De Kloet east. Philippe Droz-Vincent omam. Jacques Ehrenfreund cierl. Kate Fisher striges.
Antoine Garapon cdp. Romain Graziani east. Peter Jackson east striges cierl. Gert Hekma striges. Jane Jenson striges.
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Akinobu Kuroda east. Henry Laurens omam.
Guillaume Le Blanc ctp. The architect shoulders the unshared risk of putting out an unprecedented scenario, thus generating a particular and unique configuration. Wearing neither the halo of a Don Quixote nor the mantle of romanticism, this attitude only emerges after sticking his neck all the way out. You have to give him credit for that. Enslaved by this mode of consumption and distribution, they travel in packs so as to assuage the guilt they feel as predators. Architects corrupt discourse, manipulate competition, make morality their banner and social responsibilities into an amulet or agit-prop.
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They live and breathe the profound hypocrisy of human nature, with which they are consubstantial. Space is their playground, their control and coercion lever. Liberal modernity needed a morpho-psychological profile that transcends their alienation to make others — the innumerable — submit to those who know nothing. Architects are also those who metabolize the irreducible novelty of the architect for society as a whole, even if that means the annulment pure and simple of the novelty in question.
Thus architecture undergoes a two-fold process where the architect builds architecture individually by tracing ideas, while only rarely able to make them emerge in the strata of the real. There is a real struggle between the creator and those who vectorize or even copy. The latter sew up the new because it is socially non-metabolizable in its raw form. In short, the imitators come up with a copy that plugs the fissure opened up by things never seen before.
Thus there are two kinds of creative activity, creating new things and absorbing them, summarily or maladroitly replicating them, in order to socialize them in a post-consumption universe. The architect works right in the centre of architectural time, in real time, while architects work in the heart of its history, in delayed time.
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Thus what is called the history of architecture is really a history of this differed time in architecture. It is because they have been transformed into commodities that new things can be reformatted as products and utilized, annulled, employed, socialized, hijacked, tamed and in general manipulated, especially by media capitalism. We can assume that there are two antagonistic impulses in architecture, one critical, putting forward things without always being able to build them, and the other collaborationist, appearing and working with the powers that be, the administration and its techno-structural forces.
Torn eternally between resistance and collaboration, architecture has two complementary aspects whose constant struggle drives its zigzag, crabwalk movement in space and time. Thus we can understand its imitative function, deeply rooted in the history of architecture, its treatises, reviews, education and modes of transmission, and recognize it as a necessary evil, or, more precisely, as the other side of the coin which would have no value without it. The imitative function feeds the imitator, sometimes all too well, but more profoundly its relationship with new things is one of dependence, which allows the former to confer a status upon the latter, that of the original in fact.
This is the transfer mechanism, the transaction, without which neither could seek to exist. It seems that our times have invited the two demons to the same cozy dinner party, thus provoking a divorce between the next door and the door after that — a permanent schizophrenia. Similarly, it is tempting to look at the relationship of the body to space, and even more, of bodies in their social relations: not just their interrelation within a given cell, but also their intra-relations as part of an osmosis with others.
It is an investigation into an architecture of uncertainty and indetermination. The groundwork comes from a rereading of the malentendus inherent in the expression of human desire. Those that traverse public space through the ability to express a choice by means of language, on the surface of things, and those that are underlying and perhaps more disturbing but just as valid.
By means of the latter we can appraise the body as a desiring machine with its own chemistry: dopamine, hydrocortisone, melatonin, adrenaline and other molecules secreted by the body itself that are imperceptibly anterior to the consciousness these substances generate. This branch of mathematics was founded by Georg Cantor in the late 19th century. Its aim is to define the concepts of sets and belonging union, inclusion, intersection and disjunction. This theory can be used to describe the structure of each situation as a kind of collective defining the relationships between the parts and the whole, while taking into consideration that the latter is not reducible to the sum of its part or even the ensemble of relationship between the parts.
It is becoming the matrix, the combinations for the relational structure on which an inhabitable space lows for the definition of all the properties of a given situation in relational modes: both the relationships between the elements themselves residential areas and those between these elements and the ensemble or ensembles. It describes morphologies characterised by their dimensions and position in the system and, above all, by the negotiations of distance they carry out with the other parts and as multiple artefacts, produces relational protocols, relational relationships and relational aesthetics: protocols of attraction, repulsion, contiguity, dependence, sharing, indifference, exclusion.
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These relational modes are simultaneously elaborated within the residential cell and on its periphery in relation to the neighbouring colonies. The multiplicity of possible physio-morphological layouts based on mathematical formulations offers a variety of habitable patterns in terms of the transfer of the self to the other, and to others as well.
The secondary goal of the research, in terms of mathematical development, concerned structural optimisation, defining the structural sustainability of the system as a post-production. The possibility of structure as a logic of resistance,9 emerging a posteriori to become inhabitable morphologies, calls into question the traditional client-architect relationship and offers an alternative way of generating forms. Emancipated from the conceptual logic where the structure is the starting point, the spatial contract takes the place of the social contract. Since it is conceived a posteriori, the structure is reactive, adaptive to multiplicity, as the permanent discovery of new agencies, entities and singularities.
In contrast, the algorithm allows the architectural form to emerge from the trajectories of the transmission of forces simultaneously with the calculation that generates them. The algorithm is based on among other things two mathematical strategies, one taken from the derivative initiated by the research of French mathematician Jacques Hadamard to modify a shape by successive infinitesimal steps, to improve the criteria we want to optimise, as a permanent variation of boundaries and the other from the protocol of the representation of complex shapes by Cartesian meshing through level set to understand locally what could be the line of the highest or lowest resulting point, if we project the local incremental iterative calculus onto a 2-D diagram, to extract the X,Y position in the space as data to be re-injected into the next step of the calculation.
This strategy of incremental and recursive optimisation ex-local, local and hyper-local approaches simultaneously calculates and designs their trajectories, supporting the multiplicity and heterogeneity of physio-morphologies. Following the non-deterministic aggregation of the unpredictable overstacking of desires, the structural branching and coagulation are generated by successive iterations of calculations that physically link the interstices between morphologies so that they can support each other locally and globally.